29% of Bitcoin’s supply is now permanently lost.

29% of Bitcoin's supply is now permanently lost.

The Blockchain Industry: Lost Bitcoin and Its Impact

Blockchain technology has revolutionized various industries, with cryptocurrencies being one of the most prominent applications. Bitcoin, the first and most well-known cryptocurrency, was designed with scarcity in mind, limiting its total supply to 21 million coins. However, recent findings from blockchain analytics company IntoTheBlock reveal that approximately 29% of the total circulating Bitcoin supply is presumed lost forever after remaining stagnant for over five years. This raises questions about the implications for the Bitcoin market and the individuals who have lost their assets.

Stagnant BTC Addresses Are Growing Over Time

IntoTheBlock’s data highlights the high number of dormant Bitcoin addresses, indicating that a significant portion of these addresses likely contains lost coins. Glassnode Alerts, an on-chain metrics monitor, corroborates this information, reporting that the total quantity of HODLed or lost bitcoins has reached a new all-time high of 7,781,224.168 BTC. With the current price of Bitcoin at approximately $30,000, the value of these lost coins exceeds $235 billion.

The increase in dormant addresses can be interpreted in two ways. On one hand, it suggests that more people are holding Bitcoin as a long-term investment rather than actively trading or spending it. This aligns with the growing institutional interest in Bitcoin, as companies like MicroStrategy have significantly increased their Bitcoin holdings. On the other hand, the rise in dormant addresses also indicates the number of BTC lost forever, particularly by early investors.

Early investors who acquired Bitcoin when it had a significantly lower value may have lost access to their dormant BTC addresses. As the price of Bitcoin soared over the years, small amounts of Bitcoin from the early days have become incredibly valuable. If these investors still had access to their dormant BTC, they would likely have moved them already to capitalize on the substantial gains. This suggests that a considerable portion of the lost Bitcoin can be attributed to forgotten private keys and the subsequent inability to access funds.

A notable example of this predicament is the case of Stefan Thomas, a San Francisco-based programmer who is unable to access his holdings of about 7,002 bitcoins. At the current market value, Thomas’ holdings are worth a staggering $216 million. However, he cannot retrieve his funds because he cannot recall the password containing the private keys to his digital wallet. This scenario illustrates how individuals can unintentionally lose access to their Bitcoin assets, leading to irretrievable losses.

Impact on Bitcoin and the Blockchain Industry

The increasing scarcity of Bitcoin due to lost coins could potentially enhance its appeal as a store of value. With a fixed supply, the decreasing availability of Bitcoins in circulation may drive up demand, ultimately leading to a higher price. This effect is similar to how the scarcity of gold contributes to its value as a precious metal. Investors seeking a hedge against inflation or a long-term store of value may find Bitcoin increasingly attractive due to its limited supply.

Moreover, the lost Bitcoin phenomenon sheds light on the importance of understanding secure private key management. As Bitcoin gained mainstream popularity, many individuals bought into the cryptocurrency without fully comprehending how to properly secure their private keys. This lack of understanding poses a significant risk, as forgotten or misplaced private keys can result in substantial financial losses.

To mitigate the risk of losing access to Bitcoin assets, it is crucial to educate users about best practices for private key management. This includes storing private keys in secure offline wallets, utilizing password managers, and implementing multi-factor authentication. By promoting proper security measures, the blockchain industry can help prevent future incidents of lost cryptocurrencies and protect the investments of individuals.


The blockchain industry, driven by the innovative technology behind cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin, has witnessed tremendous growth and adoption. However, the recent findings of lost Bitcoin highlight the need for greater awareness and understanding surrounding secure private key management. As the number of dormant addresses continues to grow, it is essential for individuals to prioritize the security of their digital assets. Simultaneously, the increasing scarcity of Bitcoin due to lost coins may further enhance its appeal as a valuable store of wealth. The blockchain industry must continue to educate users about best practices and develop innovative solutions to address the challenges associated with lost cryptocurrencies.